The lower limb consists of the hip joint, thigh, knee joint, leg, ankle joint and the foot.
The thigh is the upper segment of the lower limb extending from the pelvis down to the knee joint. It contains the longest bone in the body which is the femur with multiple muscles,vascular structure and nerves.
The knee joint is formed by three bones: the femur, the tibia and the patella. the knee joint is the largest synovial joint and provides the flexion and extension movements of the leg as well as relative medial and lateral rotations while in relative flexion.
The knee joint articulations are two condylar joints between the femur and the tibia as well as a joint between the patella and the femur. Although the fibula is closely related to the knee joint but it doesn't share in articulation.
The leg is the lower limb segment extends from the knee joint down to the ankle joint. It is composed of two bones: the tibia and the fibula with numerous muscles and ligaments.
The ankle joint is comprised of the tibia, fibula, talus, and calcaneus as well as the supporting ligaments, muscles and neurovascular bundles.
The ankle is a synovial joint composed of the distal tibia and fibula as they articulate with the talus. The distal tibia and fibula articulate with each other at the distal tibiofibular joint which is more commonly referred to as the tibiofibular syndesmosis.
The foot is a highly developed, biomechanically complex structure that serves to bear the weight of the body.
The foot can be divided into 3 parts: the hindfoot, the midfoot, and the forefoot. The hindfoot is composed of 2 of the 7 tarsal bones, the talus, and the calcaneus; the midfoot contains the rest of the tarsal bones; and the forefoot contains the metatarsals and the phalanges.
This 3D model was created from the file STS_041
The original CT examination can be reviewed at:
The 3D muscle model created from this scan can be reviewed at:
The 3D skin model created from this scan can be reviewed at: