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Candace Moore

Quality of models

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Over the past few weeks I've tried several models- mesh files- on the website. They were all free. The quality was below anything I would have produced by careful segmentation. Are the free models all of lower quality? Has anyone seen a higher quality mesh file that can be downloaded for free?

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Hi @Candace Moore Thanks for being a member of our community :)

 

There are definitely some high quality free files, but you'll need to search around more.  Are there some specific models that you were looking for, and for what quality?  

 

Here's a list of the top 20 downloaded files that you can browse.  Many are free.

 

 

 

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What exactly are you looking for Candace? Bones? Organs? Vessels? Some structures are amenable to automated segmentation (like bones) but others are much harder and must be done manually (organs, brain, tumors). There are models that were both automatically and manually segmented in the library. In general, if the thumbnails have a blue background they are probably auto segmented. Hope this helps.

 

Mike

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The ease with which you segment depends on the algorithms and tools you use. You don't actually have to do much manually. I have some expertise in this. Have you tried Philips Intellispace Portal? The European version 10s have pretty good segmentation algorithms, and you can put in your own scripts. Anyways, thanks for actually taking the time to respond. I have now found some well segmented ones. By the way, some of the bone segmentations clearly had the HU "border" set in a non-optimal way.

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I use 3D slicer at home, but I was in a course where Philips Intellispace was taught. Both have advantages and disadvantages. I'm sure the Intellispace costs differently depending upon how it is negotiated. If you want I can send you my contact there who might know what kind of deal was negotiated for my course. These things are inherently local although the company a big multi-national. I currently live in Israel, and still had to route all my questions through that contact in Spain where the course came from, as Philips here is different. The versions of Intellispace are even slightly different depending on your region. You live in the USA, and they are sort of hyper-capitalists over there. If I were you I might try to negotiate with Europe, and claim your site is intended to be a global resource.

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It looks shiny, but in my honest opinion, Philips are not famous with their software. They have notorious "fame" among the bulgarian radiological community as the worst software with the most non-user-friendly interface. My colleagues are all into Siemens and Esaote here. Besides, Slicer 3D is free, open source program. From the commercial ones, I really like Osirix and Materialise, but the best one in my opinion is Autodesk Within Medical. The price of 17k euro per year is a bit stiff, though.

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At my department we have Intellispace Portal 7 and I am quite pleased with it, depending what you want to do with it. The major thing is that there is possibility to export .stl file from volume rendered recons (short VRT) from version 6 or 7 and above, which is not possible from Siemens Syngo. Also we have Philips Azurion C-arm and when you perform rotational intrarterial angiography it is possible to make VRT 3D model and also export it into Intellispace Portal (I did that only once when Philips aplicator was at my department but will have to do it more when I am back after my final exam). Also, I tried version Intellispace 9 or 10  (not sure which one) at RSNA meeting and it looks pretty nice, too.

The thing is that all software in workstations have the same algorithms for automated segmentation and generation VRT models that are based on different threshold  values for different tissue density and as said before, the best visualized tissues are those that have significant contrast to other tissue (like bone or contrast blood to surrounding soft tissue). Organs like liver, kidneys etc. are composed of different density tissues that have different density voxels on CT scan that can range from higher HU values in one voxel (blood vessel in post contrast scan of liver) to lower HU values (let say small area of lipids accumulated in hepatocytes), and if that area is near liver capsule where adjacent tissue is fat, you will have artefacts in your automated segmentation of liver.

That is why I love manual or semi-automated segmentation for now until AI makes automated segementation more accurate (there was post about application of AI and segmentation in 3D slicer in some other topic).

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 Not all the algorithms are based on different threshold values. I don't mean to get super-technical, but I am a somewhat skilled programmer for a very limited number of things. It's a super-simple algorithm to simply put a threshold on HU. There are a bunch of other approaches algorithmically. You can also threshold based on texture analyses even in 3D slicer. I could go on here for ten paragraphs, but trust me there are a lot. AI based segmentation that is pretty accurate is available for some things...but the ones I have seen were custom built by companies for a particular entity looking to segment something specific e.g. just segment out the lungs into bronchopulmonary segments.

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