Creating a Dog Skeleton Model with 3D Printing and Other Veterinary Uploads
Like all things in the early 21st century, change moves fast and this technology is quickly displacing outdated modalities and changing that face of veterinary care. 3D printing has a range of clinical applications, including pre-surgical planning, as well as in interventional radiology approaches, such as portosystemic shunts.
Benefits are also experienced by researchers and students, who may use a dog skeleton model to understand gait and complex skeletal features, or even study the anatomy of rare and exotic animals. 3D printing enhances veterinary care by allowing more hands-on study, research, and assessment. In providing advanced diagnoses, 3D printing is being used as an extension of treatment planning for oncologic masses, vascular ring anomalies, and other malformations. 3D-printed veterinary models improve communication with the client in the treatment of complex fractures and corrective osteotomies.
Currently, there are at least eight Colleges of Veterinary Medicine that are incorporating this technology into their programs: Auburn University, Cornell University, Mississippi State University, North Carolina State University, Ohio State University, University of California-Davis, University of Missouri, and the University of Pennsylvania. Private practices, such as South Paws Specialty Surgery for Animals and the Equine Podiatry and Lameness Centre (both in Australia) are also utilizing 3D scanning and printing as well.
This week we bring you the best 3d models in veterinary medicine. If you want to have access to these amazing 3D models you just have to register in the following link: https://www.embodi3d.com/register/. Those in the veterinary profession may find interest in the canine and feline uploads created by the embodi3D® community.
1. Using a Converted CT Scan to Create this Awesome Polar Bear Skull
An excellent 3D printable polar bear skull was generated from CT scan data. This 3D model shows bony anatomy of the skull in exquisite detail, including the maxilla, mandible, teeth and other structures of the skull. The veterinarians also use 3D printing technology to explore different ways of treating animals.
2. A Highly Detailed 3D Model of a Canine Skull
A 3D model of a canine's skull. To start, a CT and MRI scans of the canine head is used to create highly accurate 3D models of the skull and brain, respectively. Slices of each type of scan were first segmented to construct basic models, and the creators tagged important anatomic landmarks (such as brain sulci and gyri) in each segment. Next, various software tools are used to assemble the sliced skull and brain images, smooth out image irregularities, and give the finished models a seamless appearance.
3. Another Take on the 3D Model of a Polar Bear Skull in Sections
This is a great 3D model shows bony anatomy of the skull in exquisite detail, including the maxilla, mandible, teeth and other structures of the skull. The skull has been sectioned in half so that the inner bony anatomy is clearly visible.
4. An Example of How 3D Modeling Helps with Tumor Removals in Dogs
This awesome 3D model is of the thorax and rib cage of a dog. There is a tumor at the thoracic outlet at the base of the cervical spine. Before the animal comes in for surgery and gets on the operating table, the veterinary surgeons have had the chance to plan out, and even rehearse, complicated procedures and operations.
5. A 3D-Printable Model of a Dog Skeleton (Femur, Fibula, Tibia, Patella, etc.)
A 3D model of the skeleton of a dog showing thigh, femur, fibula, tibia, patella, coccygeal vertebrae, tail, talus, calcaneus
6. An Excellent 3D-Printable Model of a Dog's Foreleg and Carpal
A 3D model of a dog's forearm/foreleg. The ulna, radius, humerus, carpal, metacarpal and phalanges bones are shown.
7. Using a 3D-Printable Model of a Luxated Canine Elbow for Pre-Surgical Planning
A luxated elbow of a dog excellent for surgical planning. The spine is also shown.
8. CT Scan-Converted 3D Model of a Feline Spine
Member Gustavo uploaded this excellent CT-derived scan showing a cat's spine. The ribs and joints can be seen in high detail, making this a 3D model well-suited for veterinary purposes.
9. STL File of a Dog's Pelvis Bones
This STL file, uploaded by embodi3D® member allaxis3d, details the canine pelvis lumbar vertebrae, discs, caudal vertebrae, and sacrum.
10. Imaging the Skeletal Deformities of a Canine Using STL 3D Modeling
Veterinary clinical applications have been reported. Angular limb deformities of both the forelimb and hindlimb were treated using rapid prototyping technology. This is a 3D model of a dog showing the important anatomical structures of the skull, forearm and spine.
1. Hespel, A. M., Wilhite, R., & Hudson, J. (2014). INVITED REVIEW‐APPLICATIONS FOR 3D PRINTERS IN VETERINARY MEDICINE. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound, 55(4), 347-358.
2. Quinn-Gorham, D. M., & Khan, J. M. (2016). Thinking Outside of the Box: The Potential of 3D Printing in Veterinary Medicine. J Vet Sci Technol, 7(360),