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3D Print a Skull and Facial Features from Our Top 10 Face Models


Angel Sosa

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3D Print a Skull and Facial Features from Our Top 10 Face Models

Three-dimensional printing and modeling is a new technology that has exciting applications for rhinoplasty and facial plastic surgery. We now have the ability to 3D print a skull and 3D-printed face models have been used in the facial reconstruction process. We can also use 3D printing to recreate the muscles of the face. These types of models have been used in advanced procedures that help to restore facial features. One notable example from the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota is the 2017 full-facial reconstruction that employed 3D-printed models to reconstruct a face. 

 

Whether used in reconstructive surgery or rhinoplasty, the ability to convert a CT scan into an STL, then created a highly accurate 3D model is changing the way these medical professionals work. 

 

Visualizing Advanced Facial Reconstruction Surgeries

3D modeling is an effective method to demonstrate the spatial relationships of neighboring structures, such as bone, tissue, and muscle. The ability to visualize critical structures before a complex operation allows the surgeon to decrease the rate of complications. While this represents a focused view and primarily addresses the patient  perspective, it introduces a technology that has application to many different plastic surgeries as well as rhinoplasty.

 

Photo of a 3D-printable model of a baby's face.

 

Models can be created for facial augmentation (genioplasty and malar implants), otoplasty, rhytidectomy, blepharoplasty, and combined procedures with exciting promise. If you want to have access to these amazing 3D models you just have to register in the following link: https://www.embodi3d.com/register/

 

 

 

1. Using 3D Facial Models for Forensic, Surgical, and Aesthetic Analysis

This is an example of a face 3D model detailed for surgery, forensic, anthropological and aesthetic purposes provided by Dr. Mike.

 

 

 

2. Conversion of a Human Skull into a 3D-Printable Format

 This 3D printable STL file of a skull was generated from real CT scan data and is thus anatomically accurate as it comes from a real person. It shows the detailed bony anatomy of the skull and face. An orogastric tube is present in the mouth. 

 

 

3. Using 3D Printing to Reconstruct an Orbital Wall

 21 year old S/P MVC with Lefort 3 fx. CT scans can be used to create custom implants, but getting the implants manufactured can take a long time. 

Craniofacial disjunction and transverse fracture line passes through nasofrontal suture, maxillo-frontal suture, orbital wall, and zygomatic arch / zygomaticofrontal suture.

 

 

 

 

 

 

4. An Incredible 3D-Printable Model of a Baby... Taken from an Ultrasound Scan

A baby face 3D model. Moms and dads can now hold an accurate representation of their baby in their hands before it is born.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5. Modeling Human Facial Features Using 3D Printing

  A 3d model of a human face with details of the eyes, nose and mouth.

 

 

 

 

 

6. 3D Print a Skull for Maxillofacial Surgery Preparation

  3D model of the maxilla with teeth details excellent for preoperative use. 3D printing allow for better preoperative planning and training for the procedures and for pre-shaping of plates. Occlusal splints and surgical guides are intended for the smooth transfer of planning to the operating room.

 

 

7. Demonstrating 3D Printing's Use in Reversing Appearance of Facial Cancers

 We show a 3d model printing of a human face. The 3D printing-based technologies will have an immense impact on the reconstruction of traumatic injuries as well as tissue loss associated with significant oncologic resections. In addition to reconstructive procedures, the technology has an achievable potential for breakthroughs in the improvement of facial and limb prosthetic development as well as advancements in biologic and synthetic implants that will provide more natural tactile qualities and appearance for the patient.

 

 

 

 

8. Guiding Skin Grafting Procedures with 3D Modeling

 Skin grafting is traditionally indicated for the treatment of major skin defects, due to trauma, burns, or tumor excision, which cannot be closed primarily. Often times, in the cases of extensive burns, there is not enough healthy skin to harvest to cover the defect, or the size of the donor site may compromise adequate cosmetic or functional results. Despite the numerous synthetic and bioengineered skin substitutes currently available, none have provided equivalent results to that of autologous skin grafts. Optimal skin substitutes must be durable, prevent water loss, lack antigenicity, resist infection, and conform to irregular wound surfaces.

 

 

9. 3D Printing Can Help in Facial Reconstruction Where Resources are Limited

  The 3D printing provides the ability to construct complex individualized implants that not only improve patient outcomes but also increase economic feasibility. The technology offers a potential level of accessibility that is paramount for remote and resource-limited locations where health care is most often limited. The 3D printing-based technologies will have an immense impact on the reconstruction of traumatic injuries, facial and limb prosthetic development, as well as advancements in biologic and synthetic implants. 

 

 

 

10. Full-Scale Facial Model Created with 3D Printing

10.  A novel technology incorporating 3D photography and printing to produce life-size models for use in patient evaluation and treatment. Early surgeon experience also indicates benefit for intraoperative use. Three-dimensional printing and modeling is a new technology that has exciting applications for rhinoplasty and facial plastic surgery.

 

 

 

References

 

1. Bauermeister, A. J., Zuriarrain, A., & Newman, M. I. (2016). Three-dimensional printing in plastic and reconstructive surgery: a systematic review. Annals of plastic surgery, 77(5), 569-576.

 

2. Radiopaedia.org, the wiki-based collaborative Radiology resource. (2018). Radiopaedia.org. Retrieved 26 May 2018, from https://radiopaedia.org/

 

3.  Klosterman, T., & Romo III, T. (2018). Three-dimensional printed facial models in rhinoplasty. Facial Plastic Surgery, 34(02), 201-204.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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